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Equities Market

 

The stock market is a mechanism for channeling funds from investors to companies thereby enabling raising of non-debt funds. Basically, companies avail this source of finance to fulfill their funding requirements. Equities do not carry any fixed coupon, but are rewarded with dividends based on the performance of the company. The risk associated with such investments is higher as compared to debt investments.

The primary market for equities consists of IPO (Initial Public Offerings) by new as well as existing listed companies who are looking to raise funds by offering equity to the public. Apart from the conventional modes, Qualified Institutions’ Placement (QIP) was also used by many listed companies to meet their financing requirements.

In India, trading in the Equity market is facilitated through stock exchanges such as NSE, BSE and MSEI. The exchanges also provide a trading platform for the derivative contracts (futures and options). Generally, trading in securities listed on exchanges is done with the tick size of 5 paise. Separately, to restrict volatility in equities, Circuit Breakers have been introduced. The index-based market-wide circuit breaker system applies at 3 stages of the index movement, either way viz. at 10%, 15% and 20%. These circuit breakers when triggered bring about a coordinated trading halt in all equity and equity derivative markets nationwide. The market-wide circuit breakers are triggered by movement of either the BSE Sensex or the Nifty 50, whichever is breached earlier.

NSE operates on the 'National Exchange for Automated Trading' (NEAT) system, a fully automated screen based trading system, which adopts the principle of an order driven market. Through this technology, members can trade remotely from their offices located in any part of the country. BSE too, provides a separate online platform, BOLT for equity trading. Equity trades are settled on T+2 basis, wherein the counterparty due to make funds payment is required to make it available on T+1 itself. Trading hours for equities segment is from 9.15 am to 3.30 pm on Monday to Friday.

Buoyant secondary market performance, supported by strong macro-economic fundamentals, favorable investment climate and encouraging corporate results, has attracted domestic as well as international investors to Indian equity market. It has also encouraged a number of companies to raise capital from the primary market.

Recently, STCI PD diversified its operations and started trading in Equity and Equity F&O markets. Trading however, is conducted only on proprietary basis.

 
 

Latest News

Reserve Bank of India
Reserve Bank of India kept policy rates unchanged while changing the stance to calibrated tightening from neutral in its Fourth Bi-monthly Monetary Policy. Consequently, key policy rates remained unchanged – Repo rate at 6.50%, Reverse Repo at 6.25% and Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) at 6.75%
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Inflation projections for 2018-19
Inflation projections for 2018-19 were revised downside as food inflation has remained benign. Including the impact of HRA, inflation is projected to be at 4% in Q2 FY19 (4.6% prev), 3.9%-4.5% in H2 FY19 (4.8% prev) and 4.8% in Q1 FY20 (5% prev). The GDP projection for FY19 has been maintained at 7.4% –with 7.5% in Q2 FY19 and 7.3-7.4% for H2 FY19. GDP growth for Q1 FY20 is projected at 7.4% (7.5% prev).
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Belying market expectations
Belying market expectations, headline consumer price inflation for Sep-18 stood at 3.77% compared to Aug-18 reading of 3.69%, remaining below the RBI’s medium term inflation target of 4% for second consecutive month. Core inflation also moderated to 5.81% vs. revised estimate of 5.92% last month (5.87% previously).
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September Wholesale
September Wholesale Price Index came in at 5.13% as against 4.53% in the August mainly due to rise in prices of Fuel and power as well as Manufactured Products. At the same time, July WPI print was revised upwards to 5.27% from 5.09% previously.
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Indias September manufacturing
India's September manufacturing PMI came in at 52.2, rising from 51.7 in August due to gains in new orders, output and employment.
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