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Equities Market

 

The stock market is a mechanism for channeling funds from investors to companies thereby enabling raising of non-debt funds. Basically, companies avail this source of finance to fulfill their funding requirements. Equities do not carry any fixed coupon, but are rewarded with dividends based on the performance of the company. The risk associated with such investments is higher as compared to debt investments.

The primary market for equities consists of IPO (Initial Public Offerings) by new as well as existing listed companies who are looking to raise funds by offering equity to the public. Apart from the conventional modes, Qualified Institutions’ Placement (QIP) was also used by many listed companies to meet their financing requirements.

In India, trading in the Equity market is facilitated through stock exchanges such as NSE, BSE and MSEI. The exchanges also provide a trading platform for the derivative contracts (futures and options). Generally, trading in securities listed on exchanges is done with the tick size of 5 paise. Separately, to restrict volatility in equities, Circuit Breakers have been introduced. The index-based market-wide circuit breaker system applies at 3 stages of the index movement, either way viz. at 10%, 15% and 20%. These circuit breakers when triggered bring about a coordinated trading halt in all equity and equity derivative markets nationwide. The market-wide circuit breakers are triggered by movement of either the BSE Sensex or the Nifty 50, whichever is breached earlier.

NSE operates on the 'National Exchange for Automated Trading' (NEAT) system, a fully automated screen based trading system, which adopts the principle of an order driven market. Through this technology, members can trade remotely from their offices located in any part of the country. BSE too, provides a separate online platform, BOLT for equity trading. Equity trades are settled on T+2 basis, wherein the counterparty due to make funds payment is required to make it available on T+1 itself. Trading hours for equities segment is from 9.15 am to 3.30 pm on Monday to Friday.

Buoyant secondary market performance, supported by strong macro-economic fundamentals, favorable investment climate and encouraging corporate results, has attracted domestic as well as international investors to Indian equity market. It has also encouraged a number of companies to raise capital from the primary market.

Recently, STCI PD diversified its operations and started trading in Equity and Equity F&O markets. Trading however, is conducted only on proprietary basis.

 
 

Latest News


Real gross domestic product for Q3FY21 noted a year on year growth of 0.4%, showing signs of improvement over the previous quarter’s contraction of -7.3%.
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In April 2021
In April 2021 Monetary Policy meeting, the MPC unanimously decided to maintain status quo on policy rates. The key policy rates stand unchanged: Repo rate at 4.00%, Reverse Repo rate at 3.35%, Marginal Standing Facility and Bank rate at 4.25%.
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Consumer Price
The Consumer Price Index (Combined) inflation for March 2021 printed at 5.52% as compared to a reading of 5.03% in the previous month. Average CPI inflation for FY21 stood at 6.18% as compared to 4.76% in FY20.
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WPI Infation
Headline WPI inflation for March 2021 printed at 7.39%, substantially higher than 4.17% recorded in February 2021, largely due to inflationary pressures emanating from manufactured products and fuel index.
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IIP growth for February 2021
IIP growth for February 2021 printed lower at -3.6% as against the revised estimate of -0.8% recorded in January 2021, on a year on year basis.
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